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Researching and Referencing: Referencing skills

This guide provides support to staff and students on research skills, referencing, study and writing skills and digital literacy

Bibliographies and Referencing

Information or ideas from other people's work used in the writing of your essays or reports must be acknowledged.

Why should I reference my work?

  • It demonstrates that you have researched and considered the ideas of others in developing your argument.
  • It provides the person marking the work with the specific names, dates and location of the information sources that you have used.
  • It ensures that you are not guilty of plagiarising.

Several methods have been developed over the years to record details of the sources you have used for your work. The method you choose to use must be consistent throughout your document.

Well-known methods include Harvard and American Psychology Association (APA) which are known as author-date systems. These are the styles in use in TAFE NSW and this LibGuide gives links to resources on these methods. Other methods not covered here include Chicago, MLA, Oxford and Vancouver.

Different methods are generally favoured by different subject disciplines. Always contact your teacher before using a particular referencing style as they may have a preferred method.

bibliography or reference list is a complete list of all the books, articles, and other information sources you have read or used to help you write your essay or assignment. It should be arranged alphabetically by the author's surname.

What's the difference between a bibliography and a reference list?
A bibliography is a list of all the resources that have been read in the research of your assignment, but not necessarily used.  A reference list includes only the resources that have been used and cited in your assignment.

Note that APA does not use bibliographies, only reference lists

  • Record details as you take notes (e.g. author, title, year)
  • Record the URL or web address for websites.
  • Use the library catalogue to get details of books and DVDs. 
  • Write down the page number where you found useful information.
  • When quoting - use " " to show exact wording for in-text citations.

Learn more about referencing in the following tutorials.

Referencing Resources

APA  7 Checklists

Further information, examples and checklists on selected topics to accompany the TAFE NSW Libraries APA 7 Referencing Guide

There are many citation generators available for APA 7 and Harvard, but caution should be taken as they will not exactly match the TAFE NSW referencing guidelines.

Oxford referencing system
Also known as the documentary-note method.

The Vancouver system was first published by the Vancouver Group and was named after it. This style of referencing is mainly used in medicine and was further developed by the National Library of Medicine (US).





Annotated Bibliographies

Other Relevant LibGuides

How to do Bibliographies and Referencing in TAFE NSW

TAFE NSW citation generator

Fill in the details of the sources you use in your work and the citation generator will give you a citation that matches the TAFE NSW guidelines.
Start by clicking a link below to enter your own item and make a citation.


TAFE NSW print guides

Use the links below for a full text printable guide to the referencing standards of TAFE NSW.