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Researching and Referencing: Presentations

This guide provides support to staff and students on research skills, referencing, study and writing skills and digital literacy

Creating Your Presentations

Objective - Why am I making this presentation?

Audience - Who am I making this presentation to?

Venue - Where am I making this presentation?

Time & Length - When am I making this presentation and how long will it be?

Method - How should I make this presentation?


  • Introduction
  • Body of presentation
  • Conclusion
  • Questions


Rehearsal - Practise your presentation! Do not read your presentation, try to appear as spontaneous as possible!

Delivering Your Presentation

Nervousness  - It is normal to be a little nervous at the beginning of a presentation! Try to speak slowly and calmly and after a few moments, you should relax and gain confidence

Audience rapport - Try to build a warm and friendly relationship with your audience, remember that eye contact is important

Body language - What you do not say is as important as what you do say. Watch your body language, physical presentation, and facial expressions, all of these are speaking to your audience even before you open your mouth!

Cultural considerations - Try to learn about any particular cultural matters that may affect your audience and their understanding

Voice quality - Ensure your audience can hear you clearly, watch your speed, intonation and volume

Visual aids - Remember that visual aids are an extremely effective means of communication

Audience reaction - Remain calm and polite if you receive difficult questions

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