Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Contact Libraries    Portal Login

Researching and Referencing: Evaluating resources

This guide provides support to staff and students on research skills, referencing, study and writing skills and digital literacy

Evaluating Websites - the C.R.A.P. Test

Evaluate everything you find on the internet!

Click on the headings below for more information.

Currency

Reliability

Accuracy

Purpose

Another Option - CAPOW

Evaluating your search results

Not all sources of information are appropriate to use in your assessments. Some of the information you find online may be unreliable.

Use the CAPOW method to evaluate your search results before you decide to use a piece of information:

CAPOW Criteria

Questions to ask...

Currency

When was the information published or last updated?

Authority

Who wrote the information?

Does the author have the experience or qualifications to write about this topic with authority?

Is the information published by a reliable source (e.g. a government department, well known organisation, educational institution etc.)?

Purpose

What is the purpose of the information (e.g. to educate, inform, sell something etc.)? 

Objectivity

Does the author push one point of view?

Does the author tell you where they got their information from (e.g. include a reference list)?

Does the website include ads? If yes, the website may be biased.

Writing Style

Are there any spelling or grammatical errors?